Plantar fasciitis is a condition where the foot becomes swollen or damaged, and is one of the most common causes of heel pain. The plantar fascia is a strong ligament serving as a shock absorber for the whole body. For this reason, it’s a very strong ligament, but can get easily irritated due to carrying heavy loads or staying on the feet for a long time, as the ligaments can easily be overextended.
Ignoring problems associated Plantar fasciitis can lead to problems with the foot, ankle, knee, hips and back.
Many actions may result in increased strain on the plantar fascia. Tears in the plantar fascia, which eventually leads to plantar fasciitis, are often caused by:
- Extreme exercise, such as long distance running
- Turning the foot inwards too much
- Staying on the feet for an extended period of time
The initial symptom of plantar fasciitis is soreness around the foot. Since the symptoms are not very serious, the person may continue with activity, which will eventually worsen the condition.
Some of the symptoms include:
- Swelling on the underside of the foot
- Tenderness to the touch on the underside of the foot and heel
- Pain on the foot and heel.
The diagnosis for Plantar fasciitis is done with a physical examination, and analysis like MRI or X-ray.
The recommended treatment options include:
- Cold compression
- Anti inflammatory
- Physical therapy
- Night splints