VERTEBRAL COMPRESSION FRACTURE (VCF)
A vertebral compression fracture (VCF) is one of the most prevalent causes of back pain. Fractures can be caused by stress placed on the bones as a result of an injury (e.g. a car accident or a fall); however, osteoporosis tends to be the main cause.
The sciatic nerve starts at the back of the pelvis and extends down to the feet, running through the buttocks and the back of the leg on its way down. It is the longest nerve in the body and is a major source of pain for some individuals.
SACROILIAC JOINT PAIN
Sacroiliac joint pain refers to the pain in the SI joints which happens when they move too much or too little. The SI joints are formed as a connection between the sacrum and the left and right iliac bones. The sacrum is centrally located below the lumbar spine and it’s made out of five vertebrae that are fused together and do not move.
Radiculopathy is a dysfunction of the spinal root/s that causes pain, weakness, numbness or tingling in the affected arm or leg, depending on which nerve is involved. It is associated with most cases of acute and chronic lower back pain. The Radiculopathy present in the lumbar roots, produces sciatica and is typically caused by a nerve compression. This causes pain mostly in the leg rather than in the lumbar spine, which is called “referred pain”.
Disc Herniation refers to a problem with one of the rubbery cushions (disks) between the vertebrae in the spine. The spinal column is made of vertebrae that are separated by cartilage discs that act as cushions. The spinal disks are like a jelly having a softer centar encased within a tougher exterior. These spinal disks absorb the shock in the spinal column and if for any reason they get damaged or degenerated, they can tear or pop up making compression on the spinal nerves.
BACK PAIN AFTER SURGERY
While many back problems can be addressed with non-surgical treatments, in some cases patients may require back surgery as a result of a progressive spine-related condition (e.g. spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease or spondylolisthesis), or they may choose to undergo surgery as a last-resort treatment for pain relief.
ARTHRITIS – OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE LUMBAR SPINE AND CERVICAL SPINE
Arthritis is a medical term for a condition that causes inflammation of your joints and is a condition that affects about 1 in every 5 U.S. adults.There are more than 100 types of arthritis but the most common types are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. These two conditions cause chronic pain and restricted mobility.