ENDOSCOPIC DECOMPRESSION OF THE DISC
The endoscopic decompression procedures on discs are minimally invasive procedures performed to remove the pressure that is placed on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots. It requires a small incision unlike some more invasive procedures, like Laminectomy, and minimizes the postoperative weakening of the spine, and has a shorter rehabilitation period and faster recovery.
Compression in the back produces a condition called Stenosis, in which the spinal canal (where the spinal nerves pass) becomes narrow and compresses the spinal nerves. There are two types of Stenosis:
- Congenital Stenosis, which is mostly a result of a particular disease but some may be born with a more narrow spinal canal.
- Acquired stenosis that happens due to spinal degeneration.
WHAT TO EXPECT FROM ENDOSCOPIC DECOMPRESSION TREATMENT
During lumbar decompression surgery the patient is usually lying face down on a special curved mattress that allows the surgeon to better access the affected part of the spine. For the procedure, the doctor makes a small incision in order to insert a tube and a small camera into the spinal canal. Then the doctor will insert the instruments, including a laser and an irrigation tube. This will allow the doctor to remove disc tissue, bones or ligaments and clear the spinal canal. All of this will take the pressure off and decompress the nerves.
The operation is carried out under general anaesthetic, which means the patient will be asleep during the procedure and won’t feel any pain. The whole operation takes at least an hour, but it may take much longer, depending on its complexity.
WHAT TO EXPECT AFTER ENDOSCOPIC DECOMPRESSION TREATMENT
The recovery after Endoscopic Decompression depends on the fitness and level of activity of the patient before the surgery. The day after the surgery the patient will be encouraged to walk and will be discharged after 1 to 4 days. To regain the same level of mobility and function, like before the surgery, it will take about 4 to 6 weeks.