Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition that causes pain and tenderness throughout the body. The symptoms may come and go, changing in range and severity from day to day. Fibromyalgia can develop over time following other conditions such as physical trauma, surgery or psychological stress.
It is unknown what is the exact cause of Fibromyalgia but is believed to be a result of increased trigger sensitivity or pain perception in the brain. The risk factors include:
- Repetitive injuries
- Stressful and traumatic events
- Rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune diseases
Fibromyalgia can also be inherited and women are at higher risk if they had someone in their close family suffering from the same condition.
The most common symptoms include pain and tenderness which additionally can cause other variety of symptoms such as:
- Decreased concentration and memory problems
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders
- Cystitis or painful bladder syndrome
- Depression and anxiety
Fibromyalgia is difficult to manage and each patient may show different symptoms. The doctor may order a blood test, X-rays and MRIs to check for other possible conditions.
The treatment for Fibromyalgia is completely customized for every patient and may include:
- Pain medication
- Nerve blocks
- Steroid injections